Major parts of the FDA Food Additive Regulations

The table below lists the major relevant parts of the Code of Federal Regulations in the area of food and food contact.
 
FDA regulations can be product or application specific. They may typically contain:
  • additive or product specifications,
  • allowed additions of other substances,
  • allowed conditions of use or restrictions in use, etc.
Major parts of the FDA Food Additive Regulations
The FDA food additive regulations can be found in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter 21, Subchapter B - Food for Human Consumption - Parts 170 - 199.

The major parts are as follows: 
Part 170 Food additives
Part 171 Food additive petitions
Part 172 Food additives permitted for direct addition to food for human consumption
Part 173 Secondary direct food additives permitted for food in human consumption
Part 174 Indirect food additives: General
Part 175 Indirect food additives: Adhesives and components of coatings
Part 176 Indirect food additives: Paper and paperboard components
Part 177 Indirect food additives: Polymers
Part 178 Indirect food additives: Adjuvants, production aids and sanitizers
Part 179 Irradiation in the production, handling and processing for food
Part 180 Food additives permitted in food on an interim basis or in contact with food pending additional study
Part 181 Prior-sanctioned food ingredients
Part 182 Substances generally recognised as safe
Part 184 Direct food substances affirmed as generally recognised as safe
Part 186 Indirect food substances affirmed as generally recognised as safe
Part 189 Substances prohibited from use in human food

Each of these parts is divided into subparts, which themselves consist of sections covering more specific subjects. Reference to such a section is made as illustrated by the following example: 21 CFR 178.3740 refers to the part 178 section 3740 on "plasticizers in polymeric substances".

Page glossary

  • CFR
  • FDA
  • Plasticizers